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The World’s Largest Species, Structures & More

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It is always interesting to learn facts surrounding the worlds largest species, geological
phenomenon, manmade structures, or enormous feats of nature.  There is something to
be said for the biggest.  The ultimate examples of architecture and natural life.  Here is a
list of the events surrounding ten of the worlds largest.
  

10. The Largest Swimming Pool in the World
San Alfonso del Mar Seawater Pool
Location: Algarrobo, Chile

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The largest swimming pool in the world is San Alfonso del Mar Seawater pool in
Algarrobo, Chile.  It is 1,013 m (3,324 ft) long and has an area of 20 acres.  It was
completed in December 2006.  The pool utilizes a technology developed by the Chilean
company Crystal Lagoons, which uses water pumped from the Pacific Ocean that is then
filtered and treated for supply to the pool.  It is truly a remarkable sight.  The
recreational diving center Nemo 33 near Brussels, Belgium is home to the world's
deepest swimming pool.  It has two large flat-bottomed areas at depth levels of 5 m (16
ft) and 10 m (32 ft), and a large circular pit descending to a depth of 33 m (108 ft).
 

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9. The Largest Aquarium in the World 

Georgia Aquarium

Location – Atlanta, Georgia U.S.

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The Georgia Aquarium is located in Atlanta, Georgia at Pemberton Place.  It
opened in 2005 alongside the World of Coca-Cola exhibit and is owned and
operated by the Coca-Cola Company.  The aquarium is the world’s largest and
contains more than 8.1 million US gallons (31,000 m³) of marine and fresh water.
A great portion of the project was funded by Home Depot founder Bernie Marcus,
who contributed $250 million.  The Georgia Aquarium contains between 100,000
and 120,000 fish and other sea creatures representing more than 500 different
species.

It is representative of a small and extremely diverse lake.  The aquarium's most
famous specimens are four young whale sharks from Taiwan named Ralph, Norton,
Alice and Trixie, two of which have passed away.  The Georgia Aquarium is the
only institution outside of Asia to house whale sharks and they have their own 6.3
million gallon tank.  The Aquarium also holds a Great Hammerhead Shark, five
beluga whales, manta rays, turtles, and hundreds of other sea creatures.

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jeku arce

8. The Largest Dog in the World

Zorba the Engish Mastiff

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Not the Real Zorba

Zorba the English Mastiff is the largest dog ever to live.  He went down in the book of
world records as the tallest and the heaviest dog in 1989.  Zorba weighed a massive 343
pounds and measured 8 feet from nose to tail.  The thickest dog to live is Hercules, a
282-pound English Mastiff with a 38-inch neck.  A
Harlequin Great Dane named
Gibson is over 7 feet tall and weighs 170 pounds, while Anatolian Shepherd Dogs are
also known for their incredible size.
 

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Hercules

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Gibson

7. The Largest Island in the Philippines

Luzon Island

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The Republic of the Philippines is a country in Southeast Asia.  It is comprised of 7,107
islands in the western Pacific Ocean.  The largest and most economically important
island in the Philippines is Luzon.  Luzon has an area of 104,688 square kilometers,
making it the world's 17th largest island.  It is the fourth most populous island in the
world.  Located on Luzon Island is the country's capital, Manila and its most populous
city, Quezon City.  The island is scattered with rocky terrain, mountain peaks, and
volcanoes.  Some of the Phillipes most important industry is concentrated in and
around the urban areas of Metro Manila. while agriculture predominates the other
regions of the island producing crops such as rice, bananas, mangoes, coconuts,
pineapple, and coffee.  Other sectors include livestock raising, tourism, mining, and
fishing.  It is a great place to visit.
 

The largest official island in the world is Greenland.  Greenland is a constituent country
within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans
.
Though graphically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been
politically associated with Europe since the 18th century.  Greenland is, by area, the
world's largest island that is not a continent, as well as the least densely populated
country in the world, probably because of the harsh and cold conditions. 

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6. The Largest Cave in the World

Hang Son Doong
Location - Quang Binh Province, Vietnam

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Hang Son Doong is a massive cave discovered in the depths of the Vietnamese jungle.
The Rocky passage of the cave is 150metres long and measures a towering 200metres,
making it the largest cave in the world.  The dimensions of the cave were not officially
recorded until 2009 when a British research team spent time in Hang Son Doong.  It
surpassed Deer Cave in Malaysia as the largest cave in the world.  The cave belongs to
the
Phong Nha-Ke Bang in central
Quang Binh Province.  It was originally discovered in
1991 by a Vietnamese man named Ho Khanh, but
was not entered by the locals for fear
of the eerie wind and loud noises.  It has been discovered that much of these sounds
stem from the massive underground river that flows through the cave.  It is truly an
amazing structure and little is known about the origin and organisms living in the cave.
A joint British-Vietnamese Expedition to research Hang Son Doong has been
scheduled.
 

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5. The Largest Human Baby Every Born

The Baby of Anna Haining Bates and Martin Van Buren

Born – January 19, 1879

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The largest human newborn baby ever to be recorded was parented by Anna
Haining Bates on January 19, 1879, four days after going into labor.  The baby
weighed 10.6 kg or nearly 24 pounds and was 30 inches (71 centimeters) tall.
Each of his feet was six inches (152 mm) long.  Sadly, the child was only able to
survive for 9 hours.  I could not find a record of his name.  Anna Haining Bates
was a Canadian from Mill Brook, New Annan and was famed for her great height,
believed to be 2.27 m (7' 5½").  She weighed around 400 pounds.

At a young age Anna joined a traveling circus and was featured in an act with
Martin Van Buren Bates, another enormously tall person.  The giant couple became
a touring sensation and eventually fell in love, thus creating the largest baby ever
recorded.  While Anna was giving birth the doctors noticed that the baby’s head
was too large and that greatly complicated the delivery and helped cause the
child’s death.

4. The Largest Living Organism in the World

Pando – The Clonal Colony of Quaking Aspen

Location – Utah, U.S.

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It can be debated, but many feel that the largest living organism in the world is Pando or
The Trembling Giant.
  Pando is a clonal colony of a single male Quaking Aspen located
in Fishlake National Forest, near Fish Lake in the U.S. state of Utah
.  A clonal colony is
a group of spawning genetically identical individuals.  The plant has one massive
underground root system.
 
It is estimated to weigh collectively 6,000 tonnes making it
the heaviest known organism.  The root system of Pando is claimed to be among the
oldest known living organisms in existence at 80,000 years of age.
 
It is completely resilient and during intense fires, the organism survived by its root
system, sending up new stems in the aftermath of each wildfire.  The clonal colony
encompasses 43 hectares (107 acres) and has around 47,000 stems, which continually
die and are renewed by its roots. 
Excluding multi-stem trees, the General Sherman, an
individual giant sequoia tree with a volume of 1,487 m3 (52,500 cu ft) would hold the
title of the world's largest living organism, if measured in volume.  This tree stands
83.8 m (275 ft) tall and the trunk alone is estimated to weigh over 2,000 short tons
(1,800 t).

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General Sherman

3. The Largest Freshwater Lake in the World

Lake Baikal

Location – Russian Region of Siberia

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Lake Baikal or the Blue Eye of Siberia is located in the south of the Russian region
of Siberia
.  It is the world’s largest freshwater lake with an average depth of 744.4
m (2,442 ft) and contains more water than all of the North American Great Lakes
combined,
a total of roughly 20% of the world's surface fresh water.  The Caspian
Sea is bigger and often labeled as the largest lake in the world, although it has a
salinity of approximately 1.2%, which is about a third the salinity of most
seawater
.  Lake Baikal is the largest strictly fresh water mass in the world.

At more than 25 million years old, Baikal is also the world's oldest lake.  It is the
deepest, and among the clearest of all lakes in the world. 
Baikal is home to more
than 1,700 species of plants and animals, two thirds of which can be found nowhere
else in the world, including the Baikal Seal, Ringed Seal, omul, and Salmonidae.  It
was declared a World Heritage Site in 1996.  The area is also home to Buryat
tribes who live on the eastern side of the lake. 

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2. The Largest Species of Animals in the World

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Here is a list of some of the largest earth dwelling species.
 

1. By volume and weight the largest living animal is the blue whale, official record
length is 33.58 m (110.2 ft), and weight 210 short tons.


2. The largest living land animals by mass are male (bull) African Bush Elephants.  A
noted example weighed roughly 12,272 kg (27,060 lb).


3. The largest extant monotreme (egg bearing mammal) is the Western Long-beaked
Echidna weighing up to 16.5 kg (36.4 lb) and measuring 1 m (3.3 ft) long.


4. The Red Kangaroo is the largest living marsupial.  The maximum size of these lanky
mammals is 100 kg (220 lb) and 1.92 m (6.3 ft) tall. 


5. The Tasmanian Devil is the largest living carnivorous marsupial.  The maximum size
of these stocky mammals is 10 kg (22.2 lb) and 91 cm (3 ft) long.


6. The largest carnivore is the Southern Elephant Seal.


7. The largest living land carnivore is the Polar and Brown Bear.


8. The largest living member of the Felidae family is the Siberian Tiger.


9. The Eastern Lowland Gorilla is the largest living primate.


10. The largest living reptile, a representative of the order Crocodilia, is the saltwater
crocodile.

11. The largest living bird, a member of the Struthioniformes, is the ostrich.


12. The largest living amphibian is the Chinese Giant Salamander.

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1. The Largest Diamond in the World

The Cullinan Diamond

Location – The Crown Jewels of the UK

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Cullinan 1

The Star of Africa or the Cullinan Diamond is the largest rough gem-quality
diamond ever discovered, at 3,106.75
 carats (621.35 g).
  T
he largest cut from the
stone was given the name Cullinan I or the First Star of Africa.  At 530.2 carats it
was the largest polished diamond in the world until the 1985 discovery of the
Golden Jubilee Diamond. 
The Golden Jubilee is a
brown diamond of 755.5 carats
(151 g) that was discovered in the prolific blue ground of the Premier mine in
South Africa.  The Jubilee would later be cut to weigh 545.67 carats (109.13 g).
The Golden Jubilee is located in the Royal Thai Palace as part of the crown
jewels.

Cullinan 1 is known for its incredible clarity and trademark black spot.  It has a
strong contrast to the yellow-brown Golden Jubilee diamond.  Cullinan I is
mounted in the head of the Sceptre with the Cross, part of the Crown Jewels of the
United Kingdom.
  

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Golden Jubilee

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Parasram Jattan - April 13, 2010
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Copyright The List Blog - Top 10, All Rights Reserved, Posted September 19, 2009