The history of film spans over a hundred years, from the latter part of the 19th century
to present day and beyond.Motion pictures have had a substantial impact on the arts, technology,
and politics.The industry is constantly adapting to new technology and improving the movie watching experience.In the history of motion picture there have been a number of innovations and firsts.The original silent movie era was much different from today’s blockbusters.This list
will be examining some early firsts in film history.
10. The Film with the Most Profanity: Trainspotting
is a 1996 film directed by Danny Boyle and based on the novel of the same name by Irvine Welsh. The movie follows a group
of heroin addicts in a 1980s economically depressed area of Edinburgh.Trainspotting holds the record for the most cursing in any motion picture.It uses 381 curses in 94 minutes, which averages 4 swear
words a minute.Scarface uses 475 curses in 170 minutes, Jay and Silent Bob Strike Back uses 364 curses
in 104 minutes, Casino uses 304 in 179 minutes, and Full Metal Jacket uses 301 curses in 116 minutes.The
2005 film Fuck: A Documentary on the Word uses the curse 824 times.The 1999 release Summer of
Sam uses “fuck” 435 times, an average of 3.1 times per minute.
9. The First Movie Released in DVD Format: Twister
Twister is a
1996 American disaster film starring Helen Hunt and Bill Paxton. The movie follows storm chasers who research tornadoes.In 1995 DVDs were invented. The technology replaced VHS as the main video and data storage devices.DVDs are of the same dimensions as compact discs (CDs), but store more than six times as much data.Twister is notable for being the first Hollywood feature film to be released in the DVD format.It was also the last movie to be released on HD DVD.The recent trend is Blu-ray, which is an optical
disc storage medium designed to supersede the standard DVD format.
8. The First Nude Film Scene by a Leading Actress: Audrey Munson
films of the silent era and early sound era included nude scenes, which were presented in a historical or religious context.
In 1915, actress Audrey Munson appeared nude in the film Inspiration. It is believed to be the first film
to feature nudity from a leading cast member. In 1934, American studios passed the Hays Code, which forbid scenes
of nudity in American films. The ban was not lifted until the 1960’s. Many documentary, foreign,
and pornographic films featured nudity during this era. After the ban, Jayne Mansfield became the first mainstream
American actress to appear nude in the 1963 film Promises! Promises!
7. The First Feature Film to Use Only Computer Generated Imagery:
1995, Toy Story became the first feature film to use only computer generated imagery.The movie is
directed by John Lasseter and features the voices of Tom Hanks and Tim Allen. It was the top grossing film on its opening weekend and went on to earn over $350 million worldwide.
Toy Story was the first release from Pixar Animation Studios. Pixar is a computer animation studio based in Emeryville,
California best known for its CGI animated feature films. Computer-generated imagery is the application of 3D computer graphics into special effects in films and
television programs.CGI is used for visual effects because computer generated effects are more controllable
than other more physically based processes, such as constructing miniatures for effects shots or hiring extras for
crowd scenes, and because it allows the creation of images that would not be feasible using any other technology. It can also allow a single graphic artist to produce such content without the use of actors, expensive set pieces, or
6. The First Actor to Receive $1 million for a Movie Role: William
William Holden is one of Hollywood’s most storied and famous actors. In the
1950’s he appeared in numerous classic films and in 1957 he starred in the production of The Bridge on the River
Kwai and was paid $1 million dollars for his work. The movie had the budget of a blockbuster and Holden was
the highest paid actor of his day and the first to receive $1 million for a single role. Elizabeth
Taylor was awarded a record setting $1 million for her work in the 1963 film Cleopatra, making her the first actress
to receive $1 million for a role. The movie Cleopatra is infamous for almost bankrupting 20th Century Fox.
Originally budgeted at a total of $2 million, the film’s cost eventually exceeded $44 million, which is equivalent
to $307.5 million today.
5. The First Science Fiction Film: A Trip to the Moon
Science fiction is a film genre that uses science-based depictions of phenomena, such as extra-terrestrial life
forms, alien worlds, and time travel. These movies often feature futuristic elements such as spacecraft, robots, or
other technologies. Science fiction films have often been used to focus on political or social issues, and to explore
philosophical issues like the human condition.In 1902, A Trip to the Moon became the first science fiction film ever made.The production is a French black and white silent film.It
was written and directed by Georges Méliès, assisted by his brother Gaston. The movie runs 14 minutes if
projected at 16 frames per second, which was the standard frame rate at the time the film was made.
Trip to the Moon was extremely popular at the time of its release and it is the best-known of the hundreds of fantasy
films made by Méliès.It utilizes innovative animation and special effects, including
the well-known image of the spaceship landing in the moon's eye.A Trip to the Moon was released to the public domain because it was made more than 75 years from today, and its copyright has expired. The
production was named one of the 100 greatest films of the 20th century by The Village Voice, ranking in at #84.
4. The Most Expensive Film Ever Made: Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's
Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End is a 2007 adventure film, the third film
in the Pirates of the Caribbean series.It has the highest production budget in box office history
at $300 million.At World's End was an international hit, becoming the most successful film of
2007, grossing approximately $960 million worldwide, and making it the second most successful in the series, behind
Dead Man's Chest.The film was nominated for the Academy Award for Makeup and the Academy Award
for Visual Effects.Despite advertising saying "it's the final chapter of the trilogy",
the fourth installment, On Stranger Tides, is currently in development and is scheduled to be released in 2011.
Rounding out the Top 10 most expensive movies in history includes Spider- Man 3 ($258 million), Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince ($250 million), Avatar ($237 million), The Chronicles
of Narnia: Prince Caspian ($225 million), Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest ($225 million), X-Men: The
Last Stand ($210 million), Superman Returns ($209 million), King Kong ($207 million), and 2012 ($200 million).Note that Avatar is officially budgeted at $237 million; other estimates put the cost at $280–310
million to produce and $150 million for marketing.
3. The First and Only Pornographic Film to Gross Over $100 Million:
Throat is a 1972 American pornographic film written and directed by Gerard Damiano and starring Linda Lovelace (Linda
Susan Boreman).It was one of the first pornographic films to feature a plot, character development,
and relatively high production standards.The film garnered mainstream attention and grossed over
$100 million.It is the first and only pornographic film to make over $100 million.Estimates
of the film's total revenues have varied widely and numbers as high as $600 million have been cited.Deep Throat was banned outright in parts of the U.S. and many other countries, the FBI's estimates
that the film produced an income of approximately $100 million. Deep Throat officially premiered at the World Theater in New York on June 12 and was advertised in The
New York Times under the bowdlerized title "Throat.”The film's popularity helped launch
a brief period of upper-middle class interest in explicit pornography.
2. The First Woman to Direct a Motion Picture that Grossed Over $100
Million: Penny Marshall
Penny Marshall is an American actress, producer, and director.After
playing several small roles for television, Marshall was cast as Laverne DeFazio in the sitcom Laverne and Shirley.The show was a ratings success and ran from 1976 until 1983.Marshall received three Golden
Globe award nominations for her performance.In 1988, Penny Marshall was given the job of directing
the blockbuster Big.Steven Spielberg was originally going to direct the picture. Big
became a worldwide success and helped launch the career of Tom Hanks.The movie grossed over $150
million worldwide and became the first movie directed by a woman to make over $100 million.Penny
Marshall went on to direct another 100 million dollar blockbuster in 1992 with A League of Their Own.She also directed Awakenings (1990), Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986), Renaissance
Man (1994), The Preacher's Wife (1996), and Riding in Cars with Boys (2001).
The First Feature Film to be Broadcasted in Color: The World, the Flesh and the Devil
A Film Using Kinemacolor
The World, the Flesh and the Devil (1914) was the world's first dramatic feature film to be photographed in color.It was made using the Kinemacolor process.The movie is about an intensely unhappy woman who hatches a plot to switch the babies of a poor family and a rich
family. But the nurse hired to pull off this transfer refuses to go through with it, leaving each baby with
its proper family.When the babies are grown, the man from the poor family (who has been led to believe
that he did come from the rich family) goes to the house of the other and throws him out.The remainder
of the movie deals with the frustrations of mistaken identity.
Kinemacolor was the first successful color motion picture process, used commercially from 1908 to 1914. It was invented
by George Albert Smith of Brighton, England in 1906, and launched by Charles Urban's Urban Trading Co. of London
in 1908. From 1909 on, the process was known as Kinemacolor.It was a two-color
additive process, photographing and projecting a black-and-white film behind alternating red and green filters.